Press release: The participation of France at the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony
The participation of France at the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony
Oslo, November 30th, 2017
As every year, France will attend the Nobel Peace Prize Award ceremony, on the 10th of December. This year France shall be represented by the diplomat bearing the highest rank after the Ambassador. Thus, France acknowledges the important work conducted by the Nobel Committee and respects the independence of the latter.
France reiterates its commitment to nuclear disarmament, in accordance with the Treaty of non-proliferation (NPT), and its will to create the conditions of a world without nuclear weapons.
For further information, please refer to previous statements by the spokesperson of the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs.
Paris - October 6, 2017. Statements made by the French Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs Spokesperson
Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Committee’s decision to award the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons testifies to the importance of nuclear non-proliferation against the backdrop of the North Korea crisis.
France would like to create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons. It is fully committed to nuclear disarmament, with an exemplary record: halving its arsenal since the end of the Cold War, shutting down and dismantling its experimentation center in the Pacific, signing and ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, dismantling its facilities producing fissile materials for weapons, dismantling its surface-to-surface missiles and being completely transparent as regards the composition of its arsenal. France also actively contributed to negotiations which made it possible to conclude a demanding, solid, robust and verifiable agreement on the Iran nuclear program. It is committed to the agreement’s rigorous implementation.
Our policy follows the efficiency principle. France is committed to the structural arrangements of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty. As Mr. Jean-Yves Le Drian pointed out on August 31 in his closing speech for Ambassadors’ Week, that treaty "is the most balanced, and consequently the most robust instrument in this field."
It is for this reason that France is defending the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty’s entry into force, the negotiation of a treaty banning the production of fissile materials for weapons, and the United States’ and Russia’s continued reduction of their nuclear arsenals.
Why isn’t France taking part in the UN conference to negotiate a treaty banning nuclear weapons? What is it doing to implement its nuclear disarmament commitment under article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)?
France voted against UN General Assembly resolution 71/258 (2016) opening negotiations on a treaty banning nuclear weapons and is not taking part in the negotiations for this treaty that were held in New York on March 27-31 and will continue from June 15 to July 7.
A treaty banning nuclear weapons is out of step with a strategic context characterized by regional tensions and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as reflected by the North Korean nuclear threat, for example. In this context, France and NATO continue to base their ultimate security on nuclear deterrence.
France also remains concerned by the fact that a treaty banning nuclear weapons would divide the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which remains the cornerstone of the collective security system.
France has already taken concrete and substantive nuclear disarmament measures, halving its nuclear arsenal, halting nuclear tests, and irreversibly ending the production of fissile materials to produce nuclear weapons.
For France, negotiating a fissile material cut-off treaty (FMCT) is a priority, and the next logical step in the nuclear disarmament process, with the entry in force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). These two instruments are complementary because they make it possible to limit the qualitative and quantitative development of nuclear arsenals.
The reduction of Russian and American nuclear arsenals, which represent 90% of global nuclear weapons stockpiles, is another important priority.
We are also continuing our efforts to promote international security and stability, among other things, by combating the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.