Styrke fred og bekjemte staters sårbarhet [fr]
1.6 billioner mennesker lever i stater ansett å være sårbare av økonomiske, politiske, sikkerhetsmessige eller miljørelaterte årsaker.
Ettersom slike situasjoner er kilder til kriser og konflikt, går Frankrike i gang med en ny strategi som ble vedtatt av Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development (CICID) i februar i år.
Denne strategien for “Forebygging, motstandskraft og bærekraftig fred” baserer seg på to hovedprioriteringer: fremme demokratisk styring og forsterke likestilling mellom kjønn.
In line with Sustainable Development Goal 16, this strategy seeks to achieve three objectives: peace, justice and strong institutions.
En accord avec , cette stratégie vise à atteindre un triple objectif : la paix, la justice et des institutions efficaces.
It stresses the need to act globally, focusing on the complementarity of the actions of “team France”: all actors must be mobilized, whether in the areas of diplomacy, security, development, stabilization or humanitarian assistance. To this end, joint analyses of the context must enable collaborative planning, coordinated actions and the optimization of financial instruments to take place.
By 2022, €500 million will have been allocated to humanitarian and food aid. Furthermore, the French Development Agency’s Peace and Resilience Fund, which is aimed at reducing vulnerabilities, will be doubled to reach €200 million by 2020. A significant portion of this fund is part of the Sahel Alliance, focusing on the Sub-Saharan region.
In line with the commitments of The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States, there will be five main priorities:
- legitimate politics: foster inclusive political settlements and conflict resolution;
- security: establish and strengthen people’s security;
- justice: address injustices and increase people’s access to justice;;
- economic foundations: generate employment and improve livelihoods;
- revenue and services: manage revenue and build capacity for accountable and fair service delivery.
The “Prevention, Resilience and Sustainable Peace” strategy is based on six principles for action:
- reiterate the role of political and diplomatic stakeholders;
- prevent crises from arising or recurring by supporting inclusion and resilience;
- use a collaborative, forward-looking and dynamic analysis of fragilities and risks;
- respond in an integrated manner and over the long term to the various aspects of fragility;
- support processes led by local stakeholders, thus ensuring the ownership, legitimacy and sustainability of actions;
- take a rights-based approach to our actions.